We were amazed by latest images and the research study by James Webb Telescope explaining the difference between the formation of galaxies at the current age of over 13 billion years and a few million years in the universe. Amazingly this has been mentioned in a research study by Prof Manahel Thabet 10 years back! Prof Thabet discovered different methods of determining the space distance or the distance between the earth and the galaxies’ bodies such as the sun, moon, and stars. Thabet’s research helps in determining the size and age of the universe by using space distance. James Webb’s Telescope uses the parallax method to determine the distance in space which is one of the methods used by Prof Thabet to measure space distance. The parallax method used by the two involves the measurement of the shift in apparent position as Earth rotates around the galaxies.
The phenomenon of the earth’s geometric orbit around the sun was used by Prof Manahel Thabet to determine space distance using the parallax method. James Webb Telescope determines the space distance using the parallax method by measuring the angular separation of a telescope on two images and the distance between them which is the same concept of earth’s geometric orbit as used by Prof Thabet paper in 2012.
Prof Thabet uses a range of 100 light years to measure the distance between a nearby star to the earth with respect to a known value. James Webb on the other hand randomly picked the location of the two objects (reference star) with respect to the known position of James Webb’s Telescope (JWST)(Kalirai, 2018).
According to Thabet, the apparent shift occurs when far objects are observed with respect to closer objects making the far objects appear closer. According to James Webb, the straight-line distance between the two objects was shorter than the distance along the surface(Kalirai, 2018). James Webb also discovered that the line connecting the objects was not perpendicular to the sight line of JWST or appeared to be shifted against the background stars
Thabet determines the space distance using the known distance of the Earth’s orbit and the angle of the light that meets the orbit at two points.James Webb uses the earth location astropy feature to describe the observed locations of the two objects from the JMST and determine the distance between them. James Webb also determines the space distance between the observed objects and the JMST using the angle of the line joining the observed objects to JWST and the relative position of the JWST between the two images.
James Webb discovered that light from distant stars and galaxies travels through infrared wavelengths with a huge mirror floating past the moon’s orbit for billion years. Thabet’s discovery in 2013 shows that the distance to most starts is billions of AUs from the Earth’s
surface. According to Thabet, light years measure the distance of stars from the earth using light distance which moves at 30,000 km/s in a year which is equal to 9.5 trillion km(Thabet, 2013).
The two research shows that the parallax method can be used to measure the space distance of the object to the Earth using distant sites on Earth and angular resolutions of the objects with respect to the reference point on earth.
The methods of measuring space distance discovered by Thabet around 10 years back including Parallax method are still among the most effective methods up to date. Based on the two research findings, they are no new discoveries made from 2012, especially when it comes to the parallax method used by the two Thabet James in this case. JWT way of measuring space using Parallax method is just the same technique discovered by Thabet in 2012. Therefore, credible past researches findings by distinguished authors such as Prof Manahel Thabet should not be overlooked since they can be used to save billions that can be spent on new duplicate fancy projects. The question is, how Thabet predicted the best way to measure space distance around a decade ago. If this means something, it only reflects a deep vision of a profound scientist.
Kalirai, J. (2018). Scientific discovery with the James Webb space telescope. Contemporary Physics, 59(3), 251-290.
Thabet, M. (2013). Measuring Distances in Space. Available at SSRN 2355164.